Netherlands, also known unofficially as Holland, is a constitutional
monarchy of northwestern Europe, bordered on the north and west
by the North Sea, on the east by Germany, and on the south by
Belgium. The country covers 41,526 square kilometers. With Belgium
and Luxembourg, the Netherlands forms the Low, or Benelux, Countries.
Antilles and Aruba, islands in the Caribbean, are part of The
portion of The Netherlands has a total area of 41,526 sq km (16,033
sq mi), of which 33,939 sq km (13,104 sq mi) is land surface.
The country is since 1813 a kingdom and it is ruled by a queen.
The country's capital and largest city is Amsterdam.
the Netherlands refers to the low-lying nature of the country
(nether means low). Its highest point is the Vaalserberg hill
in the south east, which reaches 321 meters above sea level.
Many areas in the north and west, constituting more than 25%
of the total area of the country, are below sea level. The lowest
point near Rotterdam is some 6.7 meters below sea level. The
name Holland is frequently used instead of the Netherlands, but
it actually refers to the two Western coastal provinces, North
and South Holland, which have played an important role in the
has been plagued by flooding throughout its history and the Dutch
have had to fight a constant battle against the sea, culminating
in the Zuyder Zee and Delta Projects. Thanks to the sea, however,
the fishing industry and trade have flourished, and the fact
that the Netherlands is situated on the estuaries of three major
Western European rivers, the Rhine, the Maas and the Scheldt,
has greatly enhanced its position as a trading country.
than 25% of the area of the Netherlands is below sea level, so
an effective system of water control is needed to keep the land
dry and habitable for the many people 60% of the population that
live in these low lying areas. Sea water can, however, flood
the land via estuaries and inlets and as a result of infiltration,
and an excess of melt and rainwater in Central Europe can cause
the great rivers to burst their banks. Modern pumping stations
work day and night to drain off excess water.
currently has a population of over 15 million inhabitants. The
country covers a total area of 41,526 square kilometers. As this
figure not only includes land but also rivers, canals and lakes,
each square kilometer accommodates an average of 449 people,
making the Netherlands one of the most densely populated countries
in the world.
densely populated area is the Randstad conurbation in the west
of the country, which centres around the cities of Amsterdam,
The Hague, Rotterdam and Utrecht.
currency was the Dutch Guilder, which was previously known as
the florin (FL) until the beginning of 2002, now it is the Euro.
Twelve Member States of the European Union are participating
in the common currency. They are: Belgium, Germany, Greece, Spain,
France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Austria,
Portugal and Finland."
together with Switzerland and France, is one of my favorite countries
in Europe. I have some very dear Dutch friends that I made since
1998 and I hope to return to the country one day and meet them
to the Travels Menu <<
page was created on: February 28, 2002.
the menu below to know about some of the places I visited and
see some of the many pictures I took during my visit to the Netherlands.
Last updated on: December 8, 2008.
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Tulips from Amsterdan Laura's
Information about the Netherlands from Encarta &. Royal Netherlands Embassy.
~ Graphics by Irene ~ Graphics by Lalla ~ Comet
Please, note that Graphics by Lalla is not on line anymore.