garden pansy (Viola wittrockiana) is an annual or a short-lived
perennial and grows about 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) tall.
It develops best if planted in rich soil in a damp, cool climate.
Its flowers are about 2.5 to 5 cm across and have five velvety
wild pansy, also known as johnny-jump-up, heartsease, and love-in-idleness,
has been widely naturalized in North America. The flowers of
the wild pansy are usually purple and less than 2 cm across.
Van Gogh's "Mand met viooltjes
op een tafel", 1886
Van Gogh's pansies, painted in
Paris in 1886.