Rio de Janeiro
carnival parade - carnival 2005
in Rio de Janeiro
is undoubtedly the most popular event among all popular feasts
in Brazil, and the parade that takes place in Rio de Janeiro
is one of the most famous in the country. People from all over
Brazil and different parts of the world come to Rio to take part
in the parades or just to watch them live on the Marquês
de Sapucaí Avenue, popularly known as "Sambódromo"
or Avenida do Samba (Samba Avenue). A large number
of people gather just to watch or take part in the fabulous samba
schools parad and the event is broadcasted live from the samba
origins of carnival in Rio
carnival in Rio de Janeiro began more than 250 years ago, with
the Portuguese feast "entrudo" (from the Latin word
introito, which means beginning). Introduced in Brazil
by the Portuguese, the "entrudo" was a violent and
primitive way of celebrating the carnival, a popular event which
consisted of throwing water and flour on people. In 1826, the
"entrudo" was prohibited for the first time, but it
returned some time later and persisted for many years despite
consecutive interventions by the authorities. Finally, in 1856,
a police chief in Rio de Janeiro prohibited the "entrudo"
and its downfall started when carnival groups known as "ranchos"
and "sociedades" were introduced to the carnival. It
was the beginning of the great carnival in Rio.
1899 no songs were expressly written for carnival, and people
danced to music of European inspiration with the exception of
some old street parades that were called "cordões",
which date from the end of the 18th century. These street parades
celebrated carnival dancing to the sound of some Afro-Brazilian
Gonzaga (1847-1935) was the first person to compose a song especially
for carnival. She wrote the "marchinha" (little marching
song if it's translated literally) "Ô Abre Alas!"
(Make Way) in 1899, and it was a great success of the "cordão"
called Rosas de Ouro. It was from 1899 onwards that carnival
was celebrated with songs composed especially for this purpose.
Picture © Augusto
on Rio branco Avenue during carnival 1919.
the convertible automobiles were created, the "corsos"
appeared. The "corsos" were automobile parades with
tons of paper confetti and streamers. People using costumes used
to throw confetti on each other from their cars, which came one
following the other along the streets. But it became extinct
when non-convertible cars were created. It was then that the
samba schools, began to appear.
A float from Porto
da Pedra Samba School (carnival 2005)
remembering the "corso" from the old carnivals.
is still possible to enjoy street carnival with groups called
"blocos" or "bandas" that are followed by
enthusiastic crowds in the neighborhoods of Rio, such as Tijuca,
Ipanema, Centro (downtown) and Leblon.
© JB Online
in downtown Rio and the Municipal Theater, on the right - Carnival
© O Globo
do Bola Preta" - Carnival 2003.
is a "bloco" called "Bloco do Buda da Barra",
back in 1982.
the left is the famous figure of Rio's carnival called Rei Momo.
On the right is the standard bearer. These pictures were taken
by my father on a street in Barra da Tijuca where the components
of this "bloco" (called "Bloco do Buda")
gathered to begin the parade. This "bloco" performed
on Sernambetiba Avenue, in Barra da Tijuca every year when I
was a child. This picture is from 1982.
ways to celebrate carnival besides joining "blocos"
or going to the "sambódromo" is going to clubs
dressed in carnival costumes. When I was a child I used to go
to some clubs in Barra da Tijuca, in Rio de Janeiro.
to the Carnival in Rio Menu *
~ Graphics by Irene ~ Country
Nothing in this site is Public
Domain. Graphics are copyrighted by various artists and are used
with my sister and my cousins in 1981.
Please, click on the links above to visit the sites were you
can download the graphics from. Do not save anything from my